In , the Finnish architect and designer Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto, along with his first wife, Aino, completed the Paimio Sanatorium, a facility for the treatment of tuberculosis in southwest Finland. Broad daylight from the windows as well as the terraces, where patients could sleep, was part of the treatment, as sun had been proved effective at killing tuberculosis bacteria. At the sanatorium, the architecture itself was part of the cure. Much of modernist architecture can be understood as a consequence of the fear of disease, a desire to eradicate dark rooms and dusty corners where bacteria lurk.
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The overall goal of the CMP is to guide the future use, care and conservation of the Paimio Sanatorium. The objective in preparing of this CMP has been to produce documents that bring together already existing historical records of the building, including defining of architectural features, physical analysis and the knowledge of the buildings performance over time to create a long-term strategy for decision-makers, contractors and users regarding conservation and maintenance. There were three main objectives for the CMP. The second was to prepare the best possible repair and maintenance principles and practices for the buildings and site.
Tuberculosis may have blighted mankind since at least as far back as antiquity, but when the AR devoted its September issue to a survey of recent tuberculosis sanatoriums, it turned its attention to a building type with a far shorter history. The sequestering of TB patients only became common practice after the disease was discovered to be contagious in the s. An argument for the rehabilitative effects of exposure to light and air lent weight to the subsequent construction of residential facilities in often very remote locations.
The Paimio Sanatorium has been canonized as an internationally recognized masterpiece of modern architecture, and it is often considered to be the breakthrough of Alvar Aalto. I am Helsinki-based architect, researcher and entrepreneur. There are also links to my entrepreneurial activities.