Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Water Vapor from Backscattered Sunlight in Cloudy Atmospheres
Structure and Dynamical Influence of Water Vapor in the Lower Tropical Troposphere | SpringerLink
Lower-tropospheric water vapor, which concentrates in the first few kilometers above the boundary layer, controls the radiative cooling profile of the boundary layer and lower troposphere. Elevated moist layers originating from a preferred level of convective detrainment induce a profile of radiative cooling that drives circulations which reinforce such features. Isotopologues retrievals provide a hint of such features and their ability to constrain the structure of the vertical humidity profile merits further study. Nonetheless, it will likely remain challenging to resolve dynamically important aspects of the vertical structure of water vapor from space using only passive sensors. If it did not have to condense to become visible, water vapor would fuel the fascination of many more scientists. Imagine seeing with the naked eyes how elevated layers of water vapor, and its radiative effects, engender shallow circulations, or how pockets of humidity surround and socialize cumulus convection.
Structure and Dynamical Influence of Water Vapor in the Lower Tropical Troposphere
A significant decrease in radiation detection performance has been observed in some PVT-based gamma-ray detectors in systems in outdoor environments as they age. Recent studies have revealed that plastic scintillator can undergo an environmentally related material degradation that adversely affects gamma ray detection performance under certain conditions and histories. A significant decrease in sensitivity has been seen in some gamma-ray detectors in some systems as they age. Some plastic scintillator samples show no aging effects no significant change in sensitivity over more than 10 years , while others show severe aging significant change in sensitivity in less than 5 years.
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